Installation views


Mitsutoshi Hanaga

September 7 – October 5, 2019

Nonaka-Hill have organized Yutaka Matsuzawa through the lens of Mitsutoshi Hanaga, a small presentation of the photographer who documented the avant-garde in 1960s Japan, underground and youth culture, and such social issues as pollution and political activism.

The firsts for both of them on the West Coast, these exhibitions together illuminate the history of friendship and conceptual collaboration that they established while working on the fringes of the Tokyo-centered art world.


Yutaka Matsuzawa through the lens of Mitsutoshi Hanaga

Mitsutoshi Hanaga (1933-1999) was a prolific photographer documenting the thriving avant-garde art and youth-culture scenes of Tokyo and beyond. Concurrent with the exhibition Yutaka Matsuzawa, Nonaka-Hill is presenting a selection of thirteen works featuring the artist across decades of their friendship.

Like Matsuzawa, Hanaga was part of the “war-experienced generation.” Having lost his father at a young age, life’s hardships further compounded when he lost a lung due to tuberculosis in his early 20s and suffered a fall on a mountain, which compromised his mobility. Living with such life challenges, Hanaga naturally empathized with marginalized communities and turned his camera onto those who were often overlooked, valuing these figures as vital to cultural history, and worthy of being remembered throughout time. Hanaga passed away in 1999 and, recognizing the indispensible value of these photographs for the study of postwar culture and society, his son Taro established the Mitsutoshi Hanaga Archives Project to organize more than 100,000 negatives.

Drawn to the anti-establishment, Hanaga documented underground theaters, performance art, artists, protests, environmental pollution, and communes in Japan from the 1960s to the 1980s. When photographing artists, his interests were in the artists themselves, their concepts, and processes, more than their artworks, often capturing behind-the-scene moments.

One of Hanaga’s photographic subjects was Yutaka Matsuzawa, who entrusted Hanaga to witness and record a number of Matsuzawa’s private and public performances, encapsulating transient moments in time into his photographs. At Nonaka-Hill, Hanaga’s photographs of Matsuzawa include his Psi Room, the artist’s recently disassembled art installation in Shimo Suwa, Japan and select performances from 1969 onward. Hanaga's picture from 1969-70 portrays a younger Matsuzawa in a meditative pose inside the dense Psi Room, while his 1980s photo shows an older Matsuzawa standing with a silkscreen print with an egg image from Anata No Yomei (1986) in his home Japanese-style garden. A pair of photos, shot at Tokyo Biennale 1970: Between Man and Matter (an international exhibition that gathered works by artists known for conceptual, environmental, and performance art, such as Christo, Richard Serra, and On Kawara) show Matsuzawa's empty-room installation My Own Death, where he clandestinely performed with the Butoh dancer, Kazuko Tsujimura, who touched his chest to feel his future death. A color photograph depicts a Matsuzawa performance with Banner of Vanishing (1966) in Shimo Suwa in 1970, while a pair of black and white photographs, taken in the following year, show the artist spreading the banner dressed in a suit and tie in front of the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum for The 10th Contemporary Art Exhibition of Japan. Hanaga captured a sense of immediacy of these fleeting events, while evoking the enigma of Matsuzawa's presence.

Hanaga and Matsuzawa shared a distrust of built civilization, as shown in another solo exhibition “Curse Mantra: How to Kill Factory Owners / Jusatsu Kito Sodan (Mitsutoshi Hanaga),” currently on view at Para Site residency, Hong Kong. It features which his more socially minded series of radical anti-pollution Buddhist monks and is curated by Koichiro Osaka (Asakusa) and Aoyama | Meguro. Hanaga's earnest personal aspiration to connect with and to record Japan's culture, in the dynamic period in which he lived, will undoubtedly add immeasurable benefit to this study for many years to come.

Mitsutoshi Hanaga (b. Tokyo, 1933-1999)
His work has been exhibited at Pompidou Centre, Paris (1983), Asia Culture Center, Gwangju (2015), Tate Modern, London (2015), National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (2018), among many others.


Recommended viewing:
For a broader view of Mitsutoshi Hanaga’s work and Taro Hanaga’s efforts with the vast photographic archive, we recommend the watching “Following His Father’s Footsteps: Taro Hanaga with Reiko Tomii and Tom Looser”. This video documents an evening symposium at Asia Art Archive in America, Brooklyn, NY on March 11, 2019 (http://www.aaa-a.org/).

Books on / by Mitsutoshi Hanaga:
Hanaga Mitsutoshi. The Butoh. Tokyo: Gendai Shokan, 1983.

Hanaga Mitsutoshi, Hanaga Tarō, and Kuroda Raiji. Mitsutoshi Hanaga 1000. Tokyo:1000 Bunko, 2017.